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Scientific Satellites
Below follows the information found in the database of scientific satellites. They are satellites placed in orbit in order to study the high-atmosphere, effects of cosmic radiation or specific natural resources. In this category also are the telescopes and space observatories.
Satellite Launch Norad Incl.
degrees
Apogee
Km
Perigee
Km
Period
min
Options
AKEBONO (EXOS-D)198919822U753317256122Tracking
Hubble199020580U2854153895Tracking
POLAR199623802U795481334131109Tracking
SWAS199825560U7059557996Tracking
ORSTED199925635U9683163399Tracking
CXO199925867U73129411194253809Tracking
XMM-NEWTON199925989U7011487162272872Tracking
TERRA199925994U9870370299Tracking
CLUSTER II-FM6 (SALSA)200026410U13197606352543259Tracking
CLUSTER II-FM7 (SAMBA)200026411U130102713300443255Tracking
CLUSTER II-FM5 (RUMBA)200026463U134100551322133255Tracking
CLUSTER II-FM8 (TANGO)200026464U13197492353033256Tracking
ODIN200126702U9855253696Tracking
TIMED200126998U7460660297Tracking
RHESSI200227370U3848447094Tracking
INTEGRAL200227540U4914270867503831Tracking
CORIOLIS200327640U99839818101Tracking
SORCE200327651U4061758697Tracking
MOST200327843U99830817101Tracking
SCISAT 1200327858U7464563297Tracking
SWIFT200428485U2156254796Tracking
FORMOSAT-3 FM6200629047U72833760101Tracking
FORMOSAT-3 FM1200629048U72827766101Tracking
FORMOSAT-3 FM5200629049U72822771101Tracking
FORMOSAT-3 FM3200629050U7273366299Tracking
FORMOSAT-3 FM4200629051U72844748101Tracking
FORMOSAT-3 FM2200629052U72824768101Tracking
CLOUDSAT200629107U9870370299Tracking
CALIPSO200629108U9870370299Tracking
HINODE (SOLAR-B)200629479U9869066598Tracking
SJ-6C200629505U9858658296Tracking
SJ-6D200629506U9858858796Tracking
AGILE200731135U248346694Tracking
AIM200731304U9853152695Tracking
FGRST (GLAST)200833053U2654152595Tracking
WISE200936119U9748247794Tracking
SDO201036395U2935792357801436Tracking
CRYOSAT 2201036508U9272671199Tracking
GCOM-W1 (SHIZUKU)201238337U9870370299Tracking
NUSTAR201238358U661259697Tracking
RBSP A201238752U1030435583537Tracking
RBSP B201238753U1030737608543Tracking
NEOSSAT201339089U99786768100Tracking
BRITE-AUSTRIA201339091U99783767100Tracking
UNIBRITE201339092U99783768100Tracking
IRIS201339197U9865361597Tracking
HISAKI (SPRINT-A)201339253U301155952106Tracking
CASSIOPE201339265U811301320101Tracking
DANDE201339267U811342320102Tracking
STSAT-3201339422U9861558397Tracking
BRITE-PL201339431U98879593100Tracking
SWARM B201339451U8850549995Tracking
SWARM A201339452U8744043693Tracking
SWARM C201339453U8744043693Tracking
BRITE-TORONTO201440020U9873561098Tracking
OCO 2201440059U9870370199Tracking
BRITE-PL 2201440119U9862860497Tracking
RESURS P2201440360U9747546394Tracking
MMS 1201540482U2015400916944055Tracking
MMS 2201540483U2015400117034055Tracking
MMS 3201540484U2015400017034055Tracking
MMS 4201540485U2015400217014055Tracking
ASTROSAT201540930U664863598Tracking
DAMPE201541173U9750348695Tracking
PISAT201641784U9870466198Tracking
HXMT201742758U4354753795Tracking
FLYING LAPTOP201742831U9860658597Tracking
Satellites Orbital Parameters

The table above shows the main parameters and information available for this satellite.

Satellite: This column shows the name of the object in orbit. In some cases the official name ends with the words R/B, meaning that it is a piece or any stage from some rocket booster.

Norad: North American Aerospace Defense Command, the Air Defence Command of the United States, responsible for the catalogue of objects in orbit. The number indicates the record of the satellite in the Norad archives.

Inclination: Angle formed between the orbit of the satellite and terrestrial line of the equator. Satellites with inclination of 0 degrees follow the equator line and are called equatorial orbit satellites. When the inclination is 90 degrees its orbit crosses the terrestrial poles and are called polar orbiting satellites. When the inclination is less or equal latitude of the place of observation, the satellite be seen directly if conditions permit.

Apogee: Maximum distance that the object is far from the center of the Earth.

Perigee: Highest approchement between the object and the center of the Earth. The figures shown already discounting the radius of the Earth, 6378 Km. One Perigee value equal to the value of Apogee indicates a circular orbit satellite.

Period: Value in minutes that a satellite takes to complete one orbit of perigee to perigee. Satellites in polar orbit, positioned at 800 km in altitude will take approximately 102 minutes to complete one revolution. The International Space Station, 350 km above the surface, completes its orbit in 90 minutes.

The lower the altitude of a satellite, more speed he needs to keep in orbit and not re-enters the atmosphere.

Geostationary satellites have a period of approximately 1436 minutes with inclination of 0 degrees (equatorial orbit). Because this is the same time it takes Earth to complete one turn on its axis, geostationary satellites appear static on the same geographic point. To this happens the satellite should be positioned about 36 thousand kilometers in altitude.

Note and Frequency: Filled with additional information where possible. The frequencies shown, when provided, are those captured by enthusiasts or informed by the official organizations of disclosure.

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