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Scientific Satellites
Below follows the information found in the database of scientific satellites. They are satellites placed in orbit in order to study the high-atmosphere, effects of cosmic radiation or specific natural resources. In this category also are the telescopes and space observatories.
Satellite Launch Norad Incl.
degrees
Apogee
Km
Perigee
Km
Period
min
Options
Hubble199020580U2853953595Tracking
POLAR199623802U795023279931109Tracking
SWAS199825560U7059157996Tracking
CXO199925867U5314282659983809Tracking
XMM-NEWTON199925989U71103626174792872Tracking
TERRA199925994U9870370199Tracking
CLUSTER II-FM7 (SAMBA)200026410U133103502293463258Tracking
CLUSTER II-FM6 (SALSA)200026411U134114702181043257Tracking
CLUSTER II-FM5 (RUMBA)200026463U138111387214183257Tracking
CLUSTER II-FM8 (TANGO)200026464U133103433293633256Tracking
ODIN200126702U9854853295Tracking
TIMED200126998U7460460397Tracking
RHESSI200227370U3846645194Tracking
INTEGRAL200227540U6714764918643833Tracking
CORIOLIS200327640U99839818101Tracking
SORCE200327651U4061658497Tracking
MOST200327843U99830816101Tracking
SCISAT 1200327858U7464263397Tracking
SWIFT200428485U2155954396Tracking
FORMOSAT-3 FM6200629047U72832759101Tracking
FORMOSAT-3 FM1200629048U72828763101Tracking
FORMOSAT-3 FM5200629049U72821769101Tracking
FORMOSAT-3 FM3200629050U7273266099Tracking
FORMOSAT-3 FM4200629051U72845746101Tracking
FORMOSAT-3 FM2200629052U72825765101Tracking
CLOUDSAT200629107U9868768198Tracking
CALIPSO200629108U9868668498Tracking
HINODE (SOLAR-B)200629479U9869266598Tracking
SJ-6C200629505U9858457996Tracking
SJ-6D200629506U9858958496Tracking
AGILE200731135U247145694Tracking
AIM200731304U9852451995Tracking
FGRST (GLAST)200833053U2654052395Tracking
WISE200936119U9747447094Tracking
SDO201036395U3135787357841436Tracking
CRYOSAT 2201036508U9272571499Tracking
X-SAT201137389U98821800101Tracking
GCOM-W1 (SHIZUKU)201238337U9870370199Tracking
NUSTAR201238358U661059497Tracking
NEOSSAT201339089U98785768100Tracking
IRIS201339197U9865261397Tracking
HISAKI (SPRINT-A)201339253U301155951106Tracking
CASSIOPE201339265U811244319100Tracking
STSAT-3201339422U9761558197Tracking
SWARM B201339451U8850049895Tracking
SWARM A201339452U8743142693Tracking
SWARM C201339453U8743142693Tracking
BRITE-CA1 (TORONTO)201440020U9873460998Tracking
OCO 2201440059U9870370299Tracking
BRITE-PL2 (HEWELIUSZ)201440119U9862760297Tracking
RESURS P2201440360U9746845694Tracking
MMS 1201540482U3417346888685053Tracking
MMS 2201540483U3417346488925054Tracking
MMS 3201540484U3317350388635055Tracking
MMS 4201540485U3417345788795053Tracking
ASTROSAT201540930U664763498Tracking
DAMPE201541173U9750448394Tracking
PISAT201641784U9870366098Tracking
HXMT (HUIYAN)201742758U4354453395Tracking
FLYING LAPTOP201742831U9760358497Tracking
PICSAT201843132U9749248294Tracking
ZHANGZHENG-1 (CSES)201843194U9751049595Tracking
ICON201944628U2760457997Tracking
SALSAT202046495U9856954396Tracking
Satellites Orbital Parameters

The table above shows the main parameters and information available for this satellite.

Satellite: This column shows the name of the object in orbit. In some cases the official name ends with the words R/B, meaning that it is a piece or any stage from some rocket booster.

Norad: North American Aerospace Defense Command, the Air Defence Command of the United States, responsible for the catalogue of objects in orbit. The number indicates the record of the satellite in the Norad archives.

Inclination: Angle formed between the orbit of the satellite and terrestrial line of the equator. Satellites with inclination of 0 degrees follow the equator line and are called equatorial orbit satellites. When the inclination is 90 degrees its orbit crosses the terrestrial poles and are called polar orbiting satellites. When the inclination is less or equal latitude of the place of observation, the satellite be seen directly if conditions permit.

Apogee: Maximum distance that the object is far from the center of the Earth.

Perigee: Highest approchement between the object and the center of the Earth. The figures shown already discounting the radius of the Earth, 6378 Km. One Perigee value equal to the value of Apogee indicates a circular orbit satellite.

Period: Value in minutes that a satellite takes to complete one orbit of perigee to perigee. Satellites in polar orbit, positioned at 800 km in altitude will take approximately 102 minutes to complete one revolution. The International Space Station, 350 km above the surface, completes its orbit in 90 minutes.

The lower the altitude of a satellite, more speed he needs to keep in orbit and not re-enters the atmosphere.

Geostationary satellites have a period of approximately 1436 minutes with inclination of 0 degrees (equatorial orbit). Because this is the same time it takes Earth to complete one turn on its axis, geostationary satellites appear static on the same geographic point. To this happens the satellite should be positioned about 36 thousand kilometers in altitude.

Note and Frequency: Filled with additional information where possible. The frequencies shown, when provided, are those captured by enthusiasts or informed by the official organizations of disclosure.

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